By Kathleen D. Pagana, PhD, RN
As clinicians, we’re proud of the expert care we provide patients. But we also know that just doing our job isn’t enough to advance our careers. Mastering good communication skills is essential for all clinicians at all career stages—especially with today’s flatter organizational structures and more participatory management styles. Knowing how to communicate in a professional manner can give you the edge you need for career advancement.
Opportunity rarely knocks any more. Instead it may present as a phone call, voice mail, e-mail, or text message. Be sure to use proper etiquette with all communication forms.
Speaking with managers
When dealing with your manager, use a solution-focused approach. Don’t be a complainer. Some communication experts point out that people complain about things they can do something about—not things they have no power over. For example, they don’t complain about their foot size because there’s nothing they can do about it. Yet people often complain about their jobs because they’re unwilling to take the risk of making a change.
We need to take charge of our lives. We can accept the fact—without complaining—that we’re making the choice to stay where we are. Or we can make a request or take action to achieve a desired outcome. Suppose you work on a clinical unit and disagree with the way your manager makes clinical assignments. You have several options:
- Complain to coworkers and make the workplace miserable for others.
- Speak with your manager and make suggestions for improvement.
- Leave your job and go elsewhere if you can’t work with your manager to make things better.
If you decide to stay in your job, accept the fact that you’ve made that choice. Take responsibility for it and stop complaining.
Speaking on the phone with physicians
For clinicians who are not physicians, the key to effective communication with physicians is to remember you’re an important member of the healthcare team. An effective way to guide your communication with physicians and other colleagues is to use a tool such as SBAR (Situation, Background, Assessment, Recommendation). Say, for instance, you want to suggest the doctor order an anxiolytic for your patient. Here’s how you might do it using SBAR:
Situation: “Mrs. Smith is complaining of severe anxiety.”
Background: “She is 1 day post-op from a lumbar laminectomy.”
Assessment: “She is alert and oriented and her vital signs are stable. She has no numbness or tingling in her extremities.”
Recommendation: “She said she takes lorazepam 2 mg orally at when she’s anxious. Would you like to order something for her?”
Before ending the conversation, repeat and clarify the medication order (if the doctor gives one).
The sound of your voice and your manners are essential components of phone etiquette. Smile—the smile on your face comes through in your voice. Here are five more tips:
- Get yourself organized before placing the call.
- Minimize background noise.
- Immediately identify yourself. Don’t assume the recipient will recognize your voice.
- Concentrate on listening and avoid multitasking.
- Schedule phone conversations to avoid playing phone tag.
Voice mail is an efficient way to communicate. Again, five tips:
- Always be prepared to leave a message. Jot down your key message points before you call, to avoid stuttering and stammering.
- Be concise and to the point.
- State your name and the date, time, and purpose of your call.
- Enunciate clearly and speak slowly.
- State your name and phone number twice at the end of the message so the recipient doesn’t need to replay your message.
In many business settings, e-mail has almost replaced letters and memos. In many cases, an e-mail is a recipient’s first impression of you, so follow these tips:
- Make the subject line specific. This helps the reader prioritize the message and file it for easy retrieval.
- Use a greeting and a close. It’s more polite and less impersonal.
- Keep your message concise.
- Keep your tone polite and businesslike.
- Use your e-mail signature function, which provides several ways to contact you.
This form of communication can be the most challenging and unpredictable. Some people send text messages routinely, while others may be unfamiliar with this method. You can’t go too far wrong if you take this advice:
- Get to the point quickly. No one wants to read a long message on a mobile phone.
- Don’t text during meetings. It’s rude to do so, and others can hear you clicking away or see the light from your screen.
- Consider the recipient before using text abbreviations. Some people may not understand text lingo.
- Consider the time when sending a text. Although you may be awake at 5 a.m., the sound of your incoming message might disturb a sleeping recipient.
- Don’t expect an immediate response to your text. If the message is time sensitive, pick up the phone instead.
Improving the way we speak with managers and physicians can go a long way toward career advancement and professional satisfaction. Common courtesy is just as essential in e-mail, voice mail, and text messages as in face-to-face communication. When you follow the guidelines I’ve given, you’ll elevate your professional communications a few notches.
Canfield J, Switzer J. The Success Principles: How to Get from Where You Are to Where You Want to Be. New York, NY: Morrow; 2006.
Kramer M, Schmalenberg, C. Confirmation of a healthy work environment. Crit Care Nurse. 2008 Apr;28(2):56-63.
Pagana K. The Nurse’s Communication Advantage: How Business Savvy Communication Can Advance Your Nursing Career. Indianapolis, IN: Sigma Theta Tau International; 2011.
Pagana K. The Nurse’s Etiquette Advantage: How Professional Etiquette Can Advance Your Nursing Career. Indianapolis, IN: Sigma Theta Tau International; 2008.
A keynote speaker, Kathleen D. Pagana is a professor emeritus at Lycoming College in Williamsport, Pennsylvania, and president of Pagana Keynotes and Presentations. She is the author of The Nurse’s Communication Advantage and The Nurse’s Etiquette Advantage. To contact her, visit www.KathleenPagana.com.